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A 'blak and smoky sort...'

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Wars of the Roses handgunners - original pencil drawing by Graham Turner A 'blak and smoky sort...' Ref: GT-HG

A handgonner primes his weapon, this example fitted with the latest development of matchlock to ignite the charge, while behind a pavise that bears the ragged staff badge of the Earl of Warwick, another prepares to fire his rather more basic hackbut.

Warwick employed Burgundian gunners at the Second Battle of St. Albans in 1461, and they are also recorded as being a part of Edward IV's army when he returned from exile to reclaim the throne ten years later, described on their entry into London as 'blak and smoky sort of Gunners Flemyngys'. (The Great Chronicle of London)

Pencil Drawing by Graham Turner - drawn on an A3 sheet of paper (30cm x 42cm), image size approximately 7"x 9.5" (18cm x 24cm)

click on image to enlarge

Please read the paragraphs below about purchasing an original painting.

Price: 455.00

Graham Turner's Original Paintings are offered for sale by the artist himself, rather than through Studio 88, which is our print publishing business. Consequently, payment directly to him is preferred. If you are interested in purchasing an original painting, please email Graham Turner at to discuss the purchase or to arrange to visit.

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Copyright is retained by the artist.


Graham Turner's eagerly anticipated book about the Wars of the Roses is due for publication in February 2024.

It includes over 120 of his paintings and drawings, many newly created, with supplementary images and a comprehensive and fascinating text that illuminates the complex, shifting course of events and the people who lived their lives through this tumultuous time.

Pre-order your signed copy now - CLICK HERE FOR DETAILS


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